HIV infections have declined by 73 % nationwide since peaking within the mid-Eighties, based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New infections numbered 20,000 in 1981, reaching 130,400 in 1984 earlier than declining to 34,800 by 2019, the CDC reported recently. HIV — the human immunodeficiency virus — assaults cells that the physique must battle an infection. If untreated, an HIV an infection can result in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). In the 40 years because the onset of the AIDS epidemic, 2.2 million folks 13 and older within the United States have developed an HIV an infection. Today, about 1.2 million folks within the nation reside with HIV, together with greater than half (57 %) whose therapy has prevented the illness from progressing, the CDC says. The federal company says, nevertheless, that about 13 % have no idea they’ve HIV and ought to be examined. While there isn’t any efficient treatment for HIV, there are treatments — a day by day capsule routine and a not too long ago accepted every-four-weeks injectable — that may preserve it in test, as a power and manageable situation, and stop it from progressing to AIDS. HIV is spread by contact with bodily fluids from an individual with HIV, most frequently throughout unprotected intercourse or the sharing of injection drug paraphernalia, resembling needles. The CDC report attributes most infections (63 % in 1981, 66 % in 2019) to male-to-male sexual contact. By distinction, HIV infections amongst those that inject medicine have dropped by 93 % (from 34,500 in 1988-1990 to 2,500 in 2019).